Images 6 and 7: Two Groups of Shambhala Kulikas

Shambhala and the Prague Thangka: The Myth’s Visual Representation

Images 6 and 7: Two Groups of Shambhala Kulikas

There is no agreement concerning the list of names and order of the thirty-two Shambhala kings in the Tibetan and Mongolian literature; for differences in their names and numbers, see Bernbaum (1980, 287); Roerich ( [1932] 1967); Bělka (2007, 131–135, figs. 1–2; 2009); Meinert (2011, 354–355, fig. 180). Because this is not a real historical line, the numbers, order, and names are unimportant. Only twenty-five kings are depicted here.


Bělka, Luboš. 2007. “Kalachakra and the Twenty-Five Kulika Kings of Shambhala: A Xylograph from Prague.” Religio 15 (1): 125–138.

———. 2009. “The Shambhala Myth in Buryatia and Mongolia.” In Proceedings of the European Society for Central Asian Studies, edited by Tomasz Gacek and Jadwiga Pstrusinska, 19–30. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Bernbaum, Edwin. 1980. The Way to Shambhala. New York: Anchor Books.

Meinert, Carmen, ed. 2011. Buddha in the Yurt: Buddhist Art from Mongolia. Munich: Hirmer.

Roerich, Georges. [1932] 1967. “Studies in the Kálacakra.” Reprinted in Izbrannye Trudy [Selected works], edited by Yuri Rerikh [Jurij N. Roerich], 151–164. Moskva: Nauka.