Ushtobe, Kazakhstan, September 2014
Kazakh soldiers in front of the Ushtobe train station watch a military parade welcoming soldiers returning from training in China. When Koreans were deported, the Soviet government ordered Kazakhs not to make contact with them. Nevertheless, Kazakhs helped Koreans dig holes in the ground for shelter and gave them food, and some hosted them, helping them to survive the first two harsh winters following their relocation. Koreans subsequently served in the Kazakh military during World War II.