Map 2. Economic map of Outer Mongolia, Khalkha, 1925

The Cartographic Evolution of the Sino-Mongolian Border at Zamyn Üüd/Erlian

Map 2. Economic map of Outer Mongolia, Khalkha, 1925

Udde (Zamyn Üüd) lies distant from the Inner/Outer Mongolian border in this 1925 map. The route passing through Udde is designated as both a telegraph line and an auto road, although not as a major caravan route. This map is also interesting for its notations of Outer Mongolia’s economic commodities and trading regions. See legend and detail below.

Source: W. Karamisheff (drawing by P. Mesentzeff), Outer Mongolia, Khalkha: Economic Map [map], scale 40 mi. to 1 in. (Tientsin, China: La Librairie Française, 1925).

Note: Unless otherwise noted, all maps (beginning with Map 2) were scanned from the collections of the University of California Berkeley’s Earth Sciences and Map Library.